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Albania Geography


Albania is situated on the west coast of the Balkan Peninsula opposite the "heel" of the Italian "boot", from which it is separated on the southwest and west by the Strait of Otranto and the Adriatic Sea. It is bordered on the north and east by Serbia and Montenegro and Macedonia, and on the southeast by Greece, with a total boundary length of 720 km (447 mi). Comparatively, Albania is slightly smaller than the state of Maryland, with a total area of 28,748 sq km (11,100 sq mi) and extends 340 km (211 mi) north to south, and 148 km (92 mi) east to west. Albania's capital city, Tiranë, is located in the west central part of the country.

Albania is predominantly mountainous, with 70% of the territory at elevations of more than 300 m (1,000 ft). The rest of the country consists of a coastal lowland and the lower reaches of river valleys opening onto the coastal plain. The Albanian mountains, representing a southern continuation of the Dinaric system, rise abruptly from the plains and are especially rugged along the country's borders. The highest peak, Mt. Korabit (2,751 m/9,026 ft) lies in eastern Albania on the Macedonian border. The most important rivers – the Drin, the Buna, the Mat, the Shkumbin, the Seman, and the Vijosë – empty into the Adriatic. Albania shares Lake Scutari (Skadarsko Jezero) with Serbia and Montenegro, Lake Ohrid (Ohridsko Jezero) with Macedonia, and Lake Prespë (Prespansko Jezero) with Macedonia and Greece.

Albania has a variety of climatic conditions, being situated in the transition zone between the typical Mediterranean climate in the west and the moderate continental in the east. The average annual temperature is 15°C (59°F). Rainy winters (with frequent cyclones) and dry, hot summers are typical of the coastal plain. Summer rainfall is more frequent and winters colder in the mountainous interior. Annual precipitation ranges from about 100 cm (40 in) on the coast to more than 250 cm (100 in) in the mountains.


Southeastern Europe, bordering the Adriatic Sea and Ionian Sea, between Greece in the south and Montenegro and Kosovo to the north

Geographic coordinates
41 00 N, 20 00 E

Map references

total: 28,748 sq km
land: 27,398 sq km
water: 1,350 sq km

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